Cats and kittens are often brought to the vet for skin problems. These issues can range from itchy skin, compulsive chewing, and matted fur, all of which can be treated successfully when caught early. Here are the most common skin problems cats suffer from and how pet owners should handle them:
- A Flea Infestation
Cats are no strangers to fleas. The itchy bite of a common flea can be irritating to the skin, especially if there are a few nests in the fur. Aside from being an itchy annoyance, fleas can also carry parasites like tapeworms. There are several topical and oral flea medication from the pet pharmacist that can take care of the problem before the fleas multiply further.
Believe it or not, cats and kittens also have allergies. This can be caused by ingesting food they are allergic to or being exposed to shampoo or anything topical that causes irritation. A vet should be able to pinpoint the cause of the allergic reaction so you can avoid exposing your cat to the substance at once.
- Ear Mites
These are parasites that are commonly found in kittens after being infected by their parent but can also be a problem for cats of every age. Cats will scratch their ears non stop or shake their heads until a blood vessel pops can cause a hematoma. After diagnosis, a topical treatment along with ear drops as prescribed by the vet.
This is a type of fungal infection that is easily transmitted from cat to human so it is important to detect and treat the problem immediately. A vet may need to take a sample for proper fungal identification before prescribing the proper treatment.
- Environmental Allergies
Aside from food and topical allergens, cats can also show signs of allergies when exposed to allergens like mold, grass, pollen, and dust. They end up scratching their face, ear, and armpits while also over-grooming themselves which results in bald spots on their fur. A full exam is needed to identify the allergens and then a visit to the pet pharmacist for proper medication.
- Bacterial Infections
This is a secondary skin condition that is a result of over scratching and grooming. The exposed skin can develop an infection which is treated by antibiotics after diagnosis.
Some prescription medication can cause some ill-effects on the coat and skin of a cat. Once these symptoms start to occur, contact your vet and discontinue use of the medication right away.
- Fur Matting
Cats groom themselves very religiously, but sometimes mats still form. This doesn’t indicate that there is something seriously wrong with the skin, but your cat might need help with their grooming. Frequent brushing and combing can combat matting and infections that might follow.
- Feline Acne
Yes, even cat get acne too. Blackhead can form on a cat’s chin and accumulate over time. There is still no clear reason why, but all breeds get acne and cat of all ages can have them. Treatment such as a medicated bath can help clean the area and prevent any secondary infections.
Whether you love dogs, cats, or other animals, our team at Akina Animal Health is ready to help. If you need a pet pharmacist, contact us today!